Phthalates are esters of phtha
In beauty products, phthalates are found in everything from anti-aging creams to fragrances. Examples of other products that commonly use phthalates: lubricants, cleaning agents, adhesives, glues, medical equipment, detergents, printing inks, pharmaceuticals, and food products. Daily exposure to phthalates is common for most people in the United States, and has been so for over 50 years.
Phthalates are difficult for consumers to detect as there is little legal requirement for manufacturers to label phthalate ingredients on products. Phthalate regulation is more stringent in the European Union and Australia, but not in the USA. Though a ban in 2009 on certain phalates in children's toys was implemented in the USA, no other strict legislation has been created to broaden phthalate transparency on ingredient labels or ban specific phalates that have been scientifically shown to compromise the health of a fetus, child, and adult.
Phthalates to Watch-Out For: (Data provide by the Environmental Working Group)
Cosmetic and cleaning products can be examines for phthalates and other potential toxins with the Environmental Working Group's Skin Deep Database and Healthy Cleaning Database. Au Naturale Cosmetics is among the healthy make-up brands they have reviewed, and recommend.
Hernández-Díaz S, Mitchell AA, Kelley KE, Calafat AM, Hauser R (February 2009)."Medications as a Potential Source of Exposure to Phthalates in the U.S. Population".Environ. Health Perspect.
Committee on the Health Risks of Phthalates, National Research Council. (2008).Phthalates and Cumulative Risk Assessment: The Task Ahead. National Academies Press. Free full-text available
GHS Hazard Codes - EU GHS Hazard Labeling Codes
EU Endocrine Disrupters - EU Endocrine
EPA Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) - Cancer - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Prop 65 - CA Proposition 65
Threshold Limit Value (TLV) Basis - American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH)
NTP 12th RoC - NTP RoC
Hallmark N, Walker M, McKinnell C, et al. (March 2007). "Effects of Monobutyl and Di(n-butyl) Phthalate in Vitro on Steroidogenesis and Leydig Cell Aggregation in Fetal Testis Explants from the Rat: Comparison with Effects in Vivo in the Fetal Rat and Neonatal Marmoset and in Vitro in the Human".
Third National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals, U.S. CDC, July 2005.